The Global Food Security Index is a global survey and accompanying food security ranking of countries in the world, published by the British research company Economist Intelligence Unit (analytical division of the British magazine The Economist). The study has been conducted since 2012 and currently represents the most comprehensive set of indicators of the state of food security in various countries of the world.
The index measures the policies of states and the performance of their institutions in the area of food security. The study presents an analysis of three main groups of indicators of food security of the countries, which include 28 different indicators, the values of which are measured over two years:
— The level of availability and consumption of food.
— Availability and sufficiency of food.
— The level of quality and safety of food.
In 2020, Finland took the lead in ranking. The top 3 also includes Ireland and the Netherlands.
Among the countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the highest positions in the ranking belong to Kazakhstan (32), Kuwait (33), Oman (34), Qatar (37), and Saudi Arabia (38).
The countries of North Africa are predominantly in the sixth ten of the ranking. Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Egypt were in positions from 57 to 60, respectively, following Ukraine and Azerbaijan. At the same time, in Egypt, the level of food security decreased most significantly, by 4.3% compared to 2019, only Norway (4.4%) experienced a stronger decline.
Zambia, Sudan and Yemen are recognized as the worst countries in the world in terms of food security.
Russia took 24th place.
Source: Food Security Index